Electric cars are more favorable for long-term savings compared to conventional fuel vehicles. This is because the powertrain of an electric vehicle can function with fewer than 20 parts, while a typical combustion engine may contain around 2,000 moving parts. As a result, the reduction in the number of moving components leads to less wear and tear over time, resulting in lower maintenance costs for electric cars. Certain tips can help maintain the performance and efficiency of your EV and ensure that it lasts as long as possible.
It is true that you will not need to see your mechanic frequently while owning an EV, but this does not mean that it will not need basic maintenance routine. What should one do to keep the electric vehicle running smoothly and safely? Here are some valuable tips from the makers of Altigreen neEV a Bengaluru (India) based electric vehicle company, manufacturing affordable, economical and environment friendly vehicles in the last-mile transport system.
Follow the manufacturer's recommended maintenance schedule: It is important that you follow the maintenance schedule that outlines the specific tasks that need to be performed at certain intervals, to ensure that your EV stays in a good condition and performs optimally. Get the EV service done at the authorized service centres only.
Battery care: Batteries are the most critical components of an EV and proper care is crucial for optimal performance. It is essential to use only approved chargers with properly grounded sockets. The battery should never be allowed to fully discharge as this can damage its lifespan, and it is recommended to maintain a minimum of 3% SOC, even when the vehicle is not in use. Keeping your EV cargo charged is essential for maintaining its performance and range. Charging the battery to 100% at least once every seven days is also recommended.
Check tyre pressure: To ensure optimal performance and reduce strain on the battery it is essential to prioritize tyre maintenance. Inflating tyres to the appropriate pressure can improve mileage and reduce energy consumption. Low pressure can result in increased energy usage, while excessive pressure can cause damage to the tyres. Keep a check on the TWI (tread wear indicator), so know if the tyres are worn out and need replacement.
Maintaining the brakes : Like any other vehicle, it is important to service the brakes of electric cargo vehicles regularly to keep them in good condition.
*Regular inspections can help you identify any unusual wear and tear on the brake pads or discs, which can indicate the need for repairs or replacement.
*Driving efficiently at a consistent speed can help you avoid applying the brakes suddenly and frequently, which can put a strain on the brakes and reduce their lifespan.
*Avoid keeping your foot on the brake pedal as it can lead to excessive energy consumption, which can reduce the range of your electric vehicle. Instead, use regenerative braking or coasting to slow down whenever possible.
Fluid Maintenance : While electric engines require fewer fluids, it is still important to monitor the fluid levels in various components. Using adequate lubricants will reduce the friction between the moving components, ensuring longevity and optimal performance.
*Check the coolant level as the battery in the EV requires proper temperature regulation to ensure that it is at the appropriate level for optimal performance.
*Keep a check on other fluids like the windshield wiper fluid, thermal fluid, and brake fluid. Ensure that these fluids are at the correct levels and replace them as needed.
Keep your EV Clean : Proper cleaning is important to maintain the vehicle's appearance and prevent damage from dirt and debris. Make sure to clean the exterior and interior of the vehicle regularly. While all mechanical parts of the EV can be washed with a water jet, be extra cautious and avoid spraying water directly on the wiring couplers under the dashboard and on head lamps, horn and indicators. Do not use high pressure jets on the battery and electronics tub.
Monitor your EV’s performance and look for any signs of issues such as unusual noises, vibrations, or changes in handling. If you notice anything unusual, take your vehicle to a qualified mechanic for inspection. Remember these tips as maintenance is the key to running the EV.